Organic farming an agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Certified organic agriculture in India has started in 1990 onwards.
Organic farming continues to be developed by various SHG, FPOs, NGOs organizations in different parts of India.
It is defined by the use of fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged.
PGS Green and PGS Organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.
In India Organic agricultural methods are regulated by National Center for Organic Farming – NCOF and FSSAI legally enforced the Javic standards of organic food and promoting
“Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana” is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). Under PKVY Organic farming is promoted through adoption of organic village by cluster approach and PGS certification.
Organic agriculture can be defined as:
“an integrated farming system that strives for sustainability, the enhancement of soil fertility and biological diversity while, with rare exceptions, prohibiting synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, and growth hormones.”